Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
|12 Months Ended
Feb. 02, 2013
|Organization, Consolidation and Presentation of Financial Statements [Abstract]
|Significant Accounting Policies
Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
The Company's fiscal year ends on the Saturday nearest to January 31. References to years in this report relate to fiscal years, rather than to calendar years. The Company’s most recently completed fiscal year, fiscal 2013, ended on February 1, 2014, and consisted of 52 weeks. Fiscal 2012 ended on February 2, 2013 and consisted of 53 weeks. Fiscal 2011 ended on January 28, 2012 and consisted of 52 weeks.
Principles of Consolidation
The accompanying consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly owned subsidiaries. Intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.
Revenue Recognition and Accounts Receivable
Revenue is recognized at the time merchandise is shipped or when services are provided. Shipping and handling fees charged to customers are recognized as merchandise is shipped and are classified as revenue in the accompanying statements of operations in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles ("GAAP"). The Company classifies shipping and handling costs in the accompanying statements of operations as a component of cost of sales. Revenue is reported net of estimated sales returns and excludes sales taxes. Sales returns are estimated and provided for at the time of sale based on historical experience. Payments received for unfilled orders are reflected as a component of accrued liabilities.
Accounts receivable consist primarily of amounts due from customers for merchandise sales and from credit card companies, and are reflected net of reserves for estimated uncollectible amounts of $6,446,000 at February 1, 2014 and $6,214,000 at February 2, 2013. The Company utilizes an installment payment program called ValuePay that entitles customers to purchase merchandise and generally pay for the merchandise in two or more equal monthly credit card installments. As of February 1, 2014 and February 2, 2013, the Company had approximately $101,658,000 and $92,571,000, respectively, of net receivables due from customers under the ValuePay installment program. The Company maintains allowances for doubtful accounts for estimated losses resulting from the inability of its customers to make required payments. Provision for doubtful accounts receivable primarily related to the Company’s ValuePay program were $12,762,000, $11,792,000 and $11,876,000 for fiscal 2013, fiscal 2012 and fiscal 2011, respectively.
Cost of Sales and Other Operating Expenses
Cost of sales includes primarily the cost of merchandise sold, shipping and handling costs, inbound freight costs, excess and obsolete inventory charges and customer courtesy credits. Purchasing and receiving costs, including costs of inspection, are included as a component of distribution and selling expense and were approximately $10,112,000, $9,348,000 and $8,245,000 for fiscal 2013, fiscal 2012 and fiscal 2011, respectively. Distribution and selling expense consist primarily of cable and satellite access fees, credit card fees, bad debt expense and costs associated with purchasing and receiving, inspection, marketing and advertising, show production, website marketing and merchandising, telemarketing, customer service, warehousing and fulfillment. General and administrative expense consists primarily of costs associated with executive, legal, accounting and finance, information systems and human resources departments, software and system maintenance contracts, insurance, investor and public relations and director fees.
Cash and Cash Equivalents
Cash and cash equivalents consist of cash on deposit. The Company maintains its cash balances at financial institutions in demand deposit accounts that are federally insured. The Company has not experienced losses in such accounts and believes it is not exposed to any significant credit risk on its cash and cash equivalents.
Restricted Cash and Investments
The Company had restricted cash and investments of $2,100,000 for each of fiscal 2013 and fiscal 2012. The restricted cash and investments primarily collateralize the Company’s issuances of commercial letters of credit. The Company’s restricted cash and investments consist of certificates of deposit. Interest income is recognized when earned.
Inventories, which consists of consumer merchandise held for resale, are stated principally at the lower of average cost or net realizable value, giving consideration to obsolescence provision write downs of $3,776,000, $3,787,000 and $2,208,000 for fiscal 2013, fiscal 2012 and fiscal 2011, respectively.
Marketing and Advertising Costs
Marketing and advertising costs are expensed as incurred and consist primarily of contractual marketing fees paid to certain cable operators for cross channel promotions and internet advertising, including amounts paid to online search engine operators, customer mailings and traffic-driving affiliate websites. The Company receives vendor allowances for the reimbursement of certain advertising costs. Advertising and other allowances received by the Company are recorded as a reduction of expense and were $1,893,000, $1,074,000 and $892,000 for fiscal 2013, fiscal 2012 and fiscal 2011, respectively. Total marketing and advertising costs and internet search marketing fees, after reflecting allowances given by vendors, totaled $1,827,000, $1,843,000 and $2,115,000 for fiscal 2013, fiscal 2012 and fiscal 2011, respectively. The Company includes advertising costs as a component of distribution and selling expense in the Company’s consolidated statement of operations.
Property and Equipment
Property and equipment are stated at cost. Improvements and renewals that extend the life of an asset are capitalized and depreciated. Repairs and maintenance are charged to expense as incurred. The cost and accumulated depreciation of property and equipment retired or otherwise disposed of are removed from the related accounts, and any residual values are charged or credited to operations. Depreciation and amortization for financial reporting purposes are provided on the straight-line method based upon estimated useful lives. Costs incurred to develop software for internal use and the Company’s websites are capitalized and amortized over the estimated useful life of the software. Costs related to maintenance of internal-use software and for the Company’s website are expensed as incurred.
The Company’s primary identifiable intangible assets include an FCC broadcast license and a trademark license agreement. Identifiable intangibles with finite lives are amortized and those identifiable intangibles with indefinite lives are not amortized. Identifiable intangible assets that are subject to amortization are evaluated for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount may not be recoverable. Identifiable intangible assets not subject to amortization are tested for impairment annually or more frequently if events warrant. The impairment test consists of a comparison of the fair value of the intangible asset with its carrying amount.
The Company accounts for income taxes under the liability method of accounting whereby deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the expected future tax consequences of temporary differences between financial statement and tax basis of assets and liabilities. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are adjusted for the effects of changes in tax laws and rates on the date of the enactment of such laws. The Company assesses the recoverability of its deferred tax assets in accordance with GAAP.
The Company recognizes interest and penalties related to uncertain tax positions within income tax expense.
Net Loss Per Common Share
Basic loss per share is computed by dividing reported loss by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding for the reported period. Diluted net loss per share reflects the potential dilution that could occur if securities or other contracts to issue common stock were exercised or converted into common stock of the Company during reported periods.
A reconciliation of net loss per share calculations and the number of shares used in the calculation of basic net loss per share and diluted net loss per share is as follows:
(a) The net loss for fiscal 2013 includes activist shareholder response charges of approximately $2.1 million. The net loss for fiscal 2012 includes an $11.1 million non-cash intangible asset impairment charge related to the Company's FCC broadcasting license. In addition, the net losses for fiscal 2012 and fiscal 2011 also include charges totaling $500,000 and $25.7 million, respectively, related to losses on debt extinguishment made during the first quarters of those respective years.
For fiscal 2013, fiscal 2012 and fiscal 2011, approximately 6,247,000, 3,920,000 and 5,563,000, respectively, incremental in-the-money potentially dilutive common share stock options and warrants have been excluded from the computation of diluted earnings per share, as the effect of their inclusion would be anti-dilutive.
Fair Value of Financial Instruments
GAAP requires disclosures of fair value information about financial instruments for which it is practicable to estimate that value. In cases where quoted market prices are not available, fair values are based on estimates using present value or other valuation techniques. Those techniques are significantly affected by the assumptions used, including discount rate and estimates of future cash flows. In that regard, the derived fair value estimates cannot be substantiated by comparison to independent markets and, in many cases, could not be realized in immediate settlement of the instrument. GAAP excludes certain financial instruments and all non-financial instruments from its disclosure requirements.
The Company used the following methods and assumptions in estimating its fair values for financial instruments:
The carrying amounts reported in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets approximate the fair value for cash and cash equivalents, short-term investments, accounts receivable, trade payables and accrued liabilities, due to the short maturities of those instruments. The fair value of the Company’s $38 million long term credit facility is estimated based on rates available to the Company for issuance of debt. As of February 1, 2014, the Company's long term credit facility had a carrying amount and an estimated fair value of $38 million.
Fair Value Measurements on a Nonrecurring Basis
Assets and liabilities that are measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis relate primarily to the Company's tangible fixed assets and intangible FCC broadcasting license asset, which are remeasured when estimated fair value is below carrying value on the consolidated balance sheets. For these assets, the Company does not periodically adjust its carrying value to fair value except in the event of impairment. If the Company determines that impairment has occurred, the carrying value of the asset is reduced to fair value and the difference is recorded as a loss within operating income in the consolidated statement of operations. During fiscal 2012, the Company recorded an $11.1 million million non-cash impairment charge to reduce the carrying value of its intangible FCC broadcasting license asset to fair value in the accompanying fiscal 2012 consolidated balance sheet. The Company had no remeasurements of such assets or liabilities to fair value during fiscal 2013.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities as of the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during reporting periods. These estimates relate primarily to the carrying amounts of accounts receivable and inventories, the realizability of certain long-term assets and the recorded balances of certain accrued liabilities and reserves. Ultimate results could differ from these estimates.
Compensation is recognized for all stock-based compensation arrangements by the Company, including employee and non-employee stock options granted. The estimated grant date fair value of each stock-based award is recognized in income over the requisite service period, which is generally the vesting period. The estimated fair value of each option is calculated using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model for time-based vesting awards and a Monte Carlo valuation model for market-based vesting awards. Non-vested share awards are recorded as compensation cost over the requisite service periods based on the fair value on the date of grant.