Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
|12 Months Ended|
Feb. 03, 2018
|Organization, Consolidation and Presentation of Financial Statements [Abstract]|
|Summary of Significant Accounting Policies||
Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
The Company's fiscal year ends on the Saturday nearest to January 31 and results in either a 52-week or 53-week fiscal year. References to years in this report relate to fiscal years, rather than to calendar years. The Company’s most recently completed fiscal year, fiscal 2017, ended on February 3, 2018, and consisted of 53 weeks. Fiscal 2016 ended on January 28, 2017 and consisted of 52 weeks. Fiscal 2015 ended on January 30, 2016 and consisted of 52 weeks.
Principles of Consolidation
The accompanying consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly owned subsidiaries. Intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.
Revenue Recognition and Accounts Receivable
Revenue is recognized at the time merchandise is shipped or when services are provided. Shipping and handling fees charged to customers are recognized as merchandise is shipped and are classified as revenue in the accompanying statements of operations in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles ("GAAP"). The Company classifies shipping and handling costs in the accompanying statements of operations as a component of cost of sales. Revenue is reported net of estimated sales returns and excludes sales taxes. Sales returns are estimated and provided for at the time of sale based on historical experience.
Accounts receivable consist primarily of amounts due from customers for merchandise sales and from credit card companies, and are reflected net of reserves for estimated uncollectible amounts of $6,008,000 at February 3, 2018 and $6,022,000 at January 28, 2017. The Company utilizes an installment payment program called ValuePay that entitles customers to purchase merchandise and generally pay for the merchandise in two or more equal monthly credit card installments. As of February 3, 2018 and January 28, 2017, the Company had approximately $88,452,000 and $91,839,000 of net receivables due from customers under the ValuePay installment program. The Company maintains allowances for doubtful accounts for estimated losses resulting from the inability of its customers to make required payments. Provision for doubtful accounts receivable primarily related to the Company’s ValuePay program were $9,852,000, $11,949,000 and $11,795,000 for fiscal 2017, fiscal 2016 and fiscal 2015.
Cost of Sales and Other Operating Expenses
Cost of sales includes primarily the cost of merchandise sold, shipping and handling costs, inbound freight costs, excess and obsolete inventory charges, distribution facility depreciation and customer courtesy credits. Purchasing and receiving costs, including costs of inspection, are included as a component of distribution and selling expense and were approximately $10,660,000, $9,557,000 and $10,730,000 for fiscal 2017, fiscal 2016 and fiscal 2015. Distribution and selling expense consists primarily of cable and satellite access fees, credit card fees, bad debt expense and costs associated with purchasing and receiving, inspection, marketing and advertising, show production, website marketing and merchandising, telemarketing, customer service, warehousing and fulfillment. General and administrative expense consists primarily of costs associated with executive, legal, accounting and finance, information systems and human resources departments, software and system maintenance contracts, insurance, investor and public relations and director fees.
Cash consists of cash on deposit. The Company maintains its cash balances at financial institutions in demand deposit accounts that are federally insured. The Company has not experienced losses in such accounts and believes it is not exposed to any significant credit risk on its cash.
Restricted Cash and Investments
The Company had restricted cash and investments of $450,000 for both fiscal 2017 and fiscal 2016. The Company’s restricted cash and investments consist of certificates of deposit. Interest income is recognized when earned.
Inventories, which consists of consumer merchandise held for resale, are stated at the lower of average cost or net realizable value, giving consideration to obsolescence provision write downs of $3,757,000, $5,589,000 and $7,172,000 for fiscal 2017, fiscal 2016 and fiscal 2015.
Marketing and Advertising Costs
Marketing and advertising costs are expensed as incurred and consist primarily of contractual marketing fees paid to certain cable operators for cross channel promotions and online advertising, including amounts paid to online search engine operators and customer mailings. Total marketing and advertising costs and online search marketing fees totaled $4,530,000, $3,723,000 and $3,300,000 for fiscal 2017, fiscal 2016 and fiscal 2015. The Company includes advertising costs as a component of distribution and selling expense in the Company’s consolidated statement of operations.
Property and Equipment
Property and equipment are stated at cost, net of accumulated depreciation. Improvements and renewals that extend the life of an asset are capitalized and depreciated. Repairs and maintenance are charged to expense as incurred. The cost and accumulated depreciation of property and equipment retired or otherwise disposed of are removed from the related accounts, and any residual values are charged or credited to operations. Depreciation and amortization for financial reporting purposes are provided on a straight-line method based upon estimated useful lives. Costs incurred to develop software for internal use and for the Company’s websites are capitalized and amortized over the estimated useful life of the software. Costs related to maintenance of internal-use software and for the Company’s website are expensed as incurred.
The Company’s primary identifiable intangible assets include the Evine trademark and brand name; and an acquired online watch retailer customer list and trade name. Identifiable intangibles with finite lives are amortized and those identifiable intangibles with indefinite lives are not amortized. Identifiable intangible assets that are subject to amortization are evaluated for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount may not be recoverable. Identifiable intangible assets not subject to amortization are tested for impairment annually or more frequently if events warrant. The impairment test consists of a comparison of the fair value of the intangible asset with its carrying amount.
Compensation is recognized for all stock-based compensation arrangements by the Company, including employee and non-employee stock option and restricted stock unit grants. The estimated grant date fair value of each stock-based award is recognized as compensation over the requisite service period, which is generally the vesting period. The estimated fair value of each option is calculated using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model for time-based vesting awards and a Monte Carlo valuation model for market-based vesting awards. The estimated fair value of restricted stock grants is based on the grant date closing price of the Company's stock for time-based vesting awards and a Monte Carlo valuation model for market-based vesting awards.
The Company accounts for income taxes under the liability method of accounting whereby deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the expected future tax consequences of temporary differences between financial statement and tax basis of assets and liabilities. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are adjusted for the effects of changes in tax laws and rates on the date of the enactment of such laws. The Company assesses the recoverability of its deferred tax assets in accordance with GAAP.
The Company recognizes interest and penalties related to uncertain tax positions within income tax expense.
Net Income (Loss) Per Common Share
Basic income (loss) per share is computed by dividing reported income (loss) by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding for the reported period. Diluted net income (loss) per share reflects the potential dilution that could occur if securities or other contracts to issue common stock were exercised or converted into common stock of the Company during reported periods.
A reconciliation of net income (loss) per share calculations and the number of shares used in the calculation of basic net income (loss) per share and diluted net income (loss) per share is as follows:
(a) The net income (loss) for fiscal 2017, fiscal 2016 and fiscal 2015 includes executive and management transition costs of $2,145,000, $4,411,000 and $3,549,000. The net income for fiscal 2017 includes a loss on debt extinguishment of $1,457,000 and a gain on the sale of television station of $551,000. In addition, fiscal 2016 and fiscal 2015 net losses include distribution facility consolidation and technology upgrade costs of $677,000 and $1,347,000.
(b) For fiscal 2016 and fiscal 2015, approximately 119,000 and -0- incremental in-the-money potentially dilutive common share stock options and, with respect to fiscal 2016, warrants have been excluded from the computation of diluted earnings per share, as the effect of their inclusion would be anti-dilutive.
Fair Value of Financial Instruments
GAAP requires disclosures of fair value information about financial instruments for which it is practicable to estimate that value. In cases where quoted market prices are not available, fair values are based on estimates using present value or other valuation techniques. Those techniques are significantly affected by the assumptions used, including discount rate and estimates of future cash flows. In that regard, the derived fair value estimates cannot be substantiated by comparison to independent markets and, in many cases, could not be realized in immediate settlement of the instrument. GAAP excludes certain financial instruments and all non-financial instruments from its disclosure requirements.
The Company used the following methods and assumptions in estimating its fair values for financial instruments. The carrying amounts reported in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets approximate the fair value for cash, short-term investments, accounts receivable, trade payables and accrued liabilities, due to the short maturities of those instruments. The fair value of the Company’s $74 million PNC Credit Facility is estimated based on rates available to the Company for issuance of debt. As of February 3, 2018 and January 28, 2017, the Company's Credit Facilities had a carrying amount and an estimated fair value of $74 million and $85 million.
Fair Value Measurements on a Nonrecurring Basis
Assets and liabilities that are measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis relate primarily to the Company's tangible fixed assets and intangible FCC broadcasting license asset, which was sold during the fourth quarter of fiscal 2017 as discussed further in Note 4 - "Intangible Assets". These assets and liabilities are remeasured when estimated fair value is below carrying value on the consolidated balance sheets. For these assets, the Company does not periodically adjust its carrying value to fair value except in the event of impairment. If the Company determines that impairment has occurred, the carrying value of the asset is reduced to fair value and the difference is recorded as a loss within operating income in the consolidated statement of operations. The Company had no remeasurements of such assets or liabilities to fair value during fiscal 2017, fiscal 2016 and fiscal 2015.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities as of the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during reporting periods. These estimates relate primarily to the carrying amounts of accounts receivable and inventories, the realizability of certain long-term assets and the recorded balances of certain accrued liabilities and reserves. Ultimate results could differ from these estimates.
Recently Adopted Accounting Standards
In July 2015, the Financial Accounting Standards Board issued Simplifying the Measurement of Inventory, Topic 330 (ASU No 2015-11). ASU 2015-11 changes the measurement principle for inventory from the lower of cost or market to lower of cost or net realizable value. The new standard is effective for the Company for fiscal years and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2016. The Company adopted this standard in the first quarter of fiscal 2017, applying it prospectively. The adoption of ASU 2015-11 did not have a material impact on the Company's consolidated financial statements.
In March 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board issued Compensation-Stock Compensation, Topic 718 (ASU No. 2016-09). This standard makes several modifications to Topic 718 related to the accounting for forfeitures, employer tax withholding on share-based compensation and the financial statement presentation of excess tax benefits or deficiencies. In addition, the ASU also clarifies the statement of cash flows presentation for certain components of share-based awards. The new standard is effective for the Company for fiscal years and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2016, with early adoption permitted. The Company adopted ASU 2016-09 in the first quarter of fiscal 2017 and has elected to continue estimating forfeitures each period. Prospectively, beginning January 29, 2017, excess tax benefits/deficiencies, along with the full valuation allowance, have been reflected as income tax benefit/expense in the statement of operations resulting in no impact on the tax provision in fiscal 2017. Additionally, the statement of cash flows classification of prior periods has not changed as a result of adoption.
In August 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board issued Statement of Cash Flows, Topic 230 (ASU No. 2016-15). This amendment provides guidance on the presentation and classification of specific cash flow items to improve consistency in practice. The standard provides guidance in a number of situations including, among others, contingent consideration payments made after a business combination, proceeds from the settlement of insurance claims and debt prepayment or extinguishment costs. The new standard is effective retrospectively for the Company for fiscal years and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2017, with early adoption permitted. The Company elected to early adopt this standard in the first quarter of fiscal 2017, applying it retrospectively. The adoption of ASU 2016-15 had no impact on the Company's consolidated financial statements.
Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board issued Revenue from Contracts with Customers, Topic 606 (ASU No. 2014-09), which provides a framework for the recognition of revenue, with the objective that recognized revenues properly reflect amounts an entity is entitled to receive in exchange for goods and services. The guidance also includes additional disclosure requirements regarding revenue, cash flows and obligations related to contracts with customers. In July 2015, the Financial Accounting Standards Board approved a one year deferral of the effective date of ASU 2014-09. The standard will now become effective for interim and annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017.
The Company will adopt the accounting guidance in the first quarter of fiscal 2018. The Company has completed its evaluation of the impact of ASU 2014-09, including related amendments and interpretive guidance, on the Company's consolidated financial statements, financial systems and controls. The Company has concluded that it will recognize revenue at the time merchandise is shipped, which is consistent with current practice. The Company has also concluded that it will continue to act as principal in certain vendor arrangements. The Company will make certain changes to its accounting policies, including the presentation of estimated merchandise returns as both an asset (equal to the inventory value expected to be returned) and a corresponding return liability, compared to the current practice of recording an estimated net return liability. In addition, the Company will elect the practical expedient to not adjust the promised amount of consideration for the effects of a significant financing component when its payment terms are less than one year, as well as the practical expedient to exclude from the measurement of the transaction price sales taxes collected from customers. The Company will apply the modified retrospective method of transition, which will not have a material cumulative adjustment to retained earnings.
In February 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board issued Leases, Topic 842 (ASU No 2016-02). ASU 2016-02 establishes a right-of-use model that requires a lessee to record a right-of-use asset and a lease liability on the balance sheet for all leases with terms longer than 12 months. Leases will be classified as either finance or operating, with classification affecting the pattern of expense recognition in the income statement. The new standard is effective for the Company for fiscal years and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2018, with early adoption permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of adopting ASU 2016-02 on the Company's consolidated financial statements.
The entire disclosure for all significant accounting policies of the reporting entity.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef